THE GUIDE TO OFFICIAL FRENCH EXAMS: DELF/DALF – TEF – TCF

This article gathers all the information that you need to know about official French exams in Canada. There are 3 French language tests available in Canada that you could take for you to assess your French writing and speaking skills.

• Diplôme d’Etudes en Langue Française (DELF) / Diplôme Approfondi de Langue Française (DALF)
• Test d’évaluation du français (TEF)
• Test de Connaissance du Français (TCF)

Most people get all these tests mixed up so here we gonna go deep on the basics about what you need to know about TEF, DELF/DALF, and TCF exams:

What is the DELF/DALF exam?

Diplôme d’Etudes en Langue Française or (DELF) / Diplôme Approfondi de Langue Française or (DALF), are official lifelong diplomas awarded by the French Ministry of Education to certify the capabilities of candidates living outside France in the French language.

In this test, you are the one to choose which level are you going to take the examination in. Basically, DELF becomes DALF when you choose the C1 and C2 levels.

All in all, these are composed of 6 independent certificates that correlate to the 6 levels of language proficiency determined by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR):

DELF – A (Basic user)

  • A1 (Beginner) – students can introduce themselves by talking about where they live, their relationships, and their hobbies, etc.
  • A2 (Elementary) – students can communicate about familiar subjects.

DELF – B (Independent user)

  • B1 (Intermediate) – enables students to interact easily using French on familiar topics with native speakers.
  • B2 (Upper intermediate) – students can now easily communicate on a whim. 🇫🇷 This is also the language proficiency level most French universities require undergraduate foreign students. 🇫🇷

DALF – C (Proficient user)

  • C1 (Advanced) – students can convey themselves with spontaneity fluently when it comes to social, professional, and academic scenarios.
  • C2 (Proficiency) – students have an effortless understanding of what they read or hear; they can express themselves as if they are native French speakers.

There are no prerequisites required to register, and the diploma you will earn is valid for life!

What you need to know about DELF / DALF?

After familiarizing the levels given by CEFR, we can now proceed to the detailed content of the DELF/DALF exams. There are collective and individual tests for each of these levels.

Here’s a simplified table of the specific content of each type of exam for each level: